Friday, February 20, 2015

International Mother Language Day-Ekushey February

International Mother Language Day
Ekushey February
Ekushey February is the International Mother Language Day. Every year 21st February celebrated as International Mother Language Day for promoting awareness of language and cultural diversity of the world. This day is also the Language Martyr’s Day of beautiful Bangladesh. In 17 November 1999, this was first introduced by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and first observed in 21st February 2000.

History of the day

The history of 21st February (International Mother Language Day) that in 1952, 21st February some of Bangladeshi students (Salam, Rafiq, Barkat Jabbar and Shafiur) scarified their life for right of mother language (Bengali). They fight for establish mother language as state language of East Pakistan. In 1947 Bangladesh became a part of Pakistan and named East Pakistan. After join with Pakistan there was friction on economic and cultural between East and West Pakistan.

This friction got increase in 1948 that Pakistanis government make declared Urdu as only the state language of Pakistan but the majority person speaks in Bengali language and Bengali is their mother language in the East Pakistan.

The students of Dhaka University were protested and on 21st February 1952 the police made opened fire at the demonstrators. For that many students (Salam, Rafiq, Barkat Jabbar and Shafiur) were dead and they were deaths for right to use of mother language. After long protest by East Pakistani Bengali speakers the Pakistan government change order and Bengali became official language of Pakistan in 1956. In 16 December 1971 Bangladesh became independent from Pakistan.

The 21st February celebrate as the Language Martyr’s Day in Bangladesh.The people of Bangladesh are known as Bangalees. In 17 November 1999, this day awarded International Mother Language Day in the world by UNESCO.


The Ekushey February is the great value for Bangladesh and the Bengali speakers. Bangladesh is the only country who gave life for mother language. This is a milestone for recognition of right to speak of any nation’s mother language. We are proud for our language Martyrs’ and also our country. This is a great part of our history and culture.


These days is observed in Bangladesh as very important day of our history and culture. People lay flower in respect of the Shaheed martyr’s in Shaheed Minar. In respect of that day Bangladesh celebrates its culture and language in this month and arranges many events and Fair like Ekushey Book Fair, Ekushey padak etc.

Every year Ekushey Book Fair organized in the country by Bangla Academy from 1st February. The Ekushey Book Fair is a national book fair of Bangladesh and also known as Ekushey Boi Mela or Amar Ekushey Boi Mela.

On 21st February (International Mother Language Day) is observing public holiday in Bangladesh, this day locally call Shohid Dibosh. From early morning many people go Shaheed Minar to sow them respect with flowers and played Ekusher Gaan (Amar Bhaier Rokte Rangano Ekushey February. Now this day is also observed International Mother Language day in the World.

This year also we observed with respect of the International mother language day on 21st February 2015. Many people will go to shaheed Minar with flower.

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